Intro paragraph:
WHAT THE IS CURRENT STATE OF TROY'S MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE?
All waste goes to Waste Connections at South Troy transfer facility.
Troy pays $60/ton for tipping, pays nothing (and receives nothing) for recycleables.
Pay flat fee. Contract through 2014
23-25,000 tons/year. (~$1.5 million/year in tipping fees)
Private haulers handle commercial facilities and schools (except 1500 commercial operations that DPW still hauls), mostly County Waste.
Yard waste (Alamo): 3,000 tons at a time on-site, don’t need permit (DEC); 72+ hours or over 3,000 tons need registered permit in any category

Why RECYCLING in COMPOSTING report? Composting IS a recycling process. We HAVE good recycling infrastructure and protocol in Troy. Increasing recycling rates will provide the financial savings necessary to build infrastructure for widespread composting.
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[current MSW Management description needs to show lack of preparation/plan for landfill diversion/closures. Troy's part in helping extend life of landfills. Show that this is trend (neighboring states' legislation, for example) and Troy could be well poised to anticipate these mandates.]

Life expectancy of the landfill Troy currently uses? 2020-2025

Herkimer-Hekimer Solid Waste Authority builds new facility after landfill close in 1998 following closure
of last landfill: http://www.bartonandloguidice.com/Portals/3/Government%20Engineering%203-07.pdf

Troy closed its landfill in Dec.,1993.

Troy has been looked at in former years as a favorable location for a waste recycling and energy plant.
Attraction comes from the location being on the Hudson River with access to rail and highway.
Read more: http://www.timesunion.com/business/article/Seeking-Next-Big-Thing-694145.php#ixzz2DKhLHPBM



CURRENT STATUS OF RECYCLING:

Inversion of economic incentives: Residents pay to recycle (added fee), while unaware of disposal costs

Low participation. At 10-18% of solid waste stream, Troy’s recycling rate is one of the lowest in the region, and well-below average for NYS.

Widespread confusion as to what and how to recycle. Single stream began Oct. 2010; slight increase in participation. Anecdotal reports from residents show misinformation and lack of information about obtaining blue recycle bins, recycleable materials and protocols (ex. crush plastic containers or not? pizza boxes?)

Lost financial savings. Troy saves $15,000 for every 1% increase in the recycling rate.
(Based on 2008 MSW Recycling #s. Before Troy’s single-stream system. Sources: NYSDEC. Beyond Waste. 2010. & Bill Chamberlain, Interview. 2012)

WHERE OUR RECYCLING GOES:

The Sierra Processing Facility in the City of Albany opened in 2010 to process single stream recyclables, which is a mixture of recyclable paper, glass, metal, and plastic containers collected together.

Single stream facilities allow the recycler to only use a single container for material collection, which is more efficient and convenient for the recycler. [11]


"Troy’s current municipal solid waste (MSW) program lacks necessary incentives to recycle, reduce [and reuse] the waste stream, preventing the City from reducing its trash disposal and landfilling expenditures and playing a more responsible environmental role in the region. Residents must pay $29 for curbside recycling, an unfortunate situation in that recycling helps the City avoid trash disposal costs. The hidden cost of solid waste services—not itemized on residents’ tax bills—impairs the City’s ability to operate an efficient and modern MSW program." 1



Since the closure of the Troy Landfill, the City recycling program has had a significant positive impact on City finances. The most important financial factor has been in the area of avoided disposal costs. Annual solid waste disposal for the City averages 1.2 million dollars. The residents of Troy, through the curbside recycling program, have diverted an annual average of 2,400 tons of recyclable commodities. As the City pays for every ton of disposed solid waste, at an average tipping fee of $53.00 [now $60.00] per ton, Troy residents have saved the City an average of $115,000 annually through curbside recycling.
http://www.troyny.gov/Departments/PublicWorks/Recycling.asp
Increased participation is an easy source of savings for the city. Investment in public awareness would more than pay for itself.

Much of the solid waste collected in the Capital Region is delivered to transfer stations, with most of the larger
transfer stations operated by private companies. Troy presently uses Waste Connections transfer stations. Waste is unloaded from city collection vehicles and then reloaded into larger vehicles for shipment to a landfill or waste-to-energy (WTE) facility.
Disposal capacity for MSW and other non-hazardous solid wastes are provided at regional landfills owned by the City of Albany and the Town of Colonie, as well as at several privately-operated landfills located outside of the Region. The City of Albany Landfill has future capacity only until around the year 2020, while the Colonie Landfill, which is now privately-operated, has capacity to operate at least until 2025, and may have options for expansion which will provide additional future capacity. Saratoga County developed a landfill site in the Town of Northumberland, but that landfill has never operated. In October 2012, the County received proposals to consider the opening of that site under private operations, and a decision on that matter is pending. [11]